Gilo is a large southwestern Jerusalem neighborhood with many sections, with over 45,000 residents altogether. Established in 1971, after the Six Day War, it was first known for its population of young couples and new immigrants. The highest point in Jerusalem, Gilo is 882 meters above sea level and is located near the large Park 3000, a heavily forested area which attracts tourists from all over Israel. During the construction of the modern suburb of Gilo, archaeologists discovered a fortress and agricultural implements from the period of the First Temple period above the shopping center on Rehov Haganenet. Between Givat Canada and Gilo Park, they unearthed the remains of a farm and graves from the Second Temple period. Roman and Byzantine remains have also been found at various sites. It is also the closest neighborhood the famous “Kever Rachel” in Beit lechem. From its inception, Gilo has provided housing to new Jewish immigrants from around the world. Many of those who spent their first months in the country at the immigrant hostel in Gilo, including those from Iran, Syria, France and South America, chose to remain in the neighborhood. Since the large influx of Soviet Jews in the 1990s, Gilo has absorbed 15% of all immigrants of that wave settling in Jerusalem. The immigrant hostel is now the site of an urban kibbutz, Beit Yisrael. Gilo is a mixed community of religious and secular Jews, although more Haredi families are moving in lately. Gilo has a beautiful panoramic view that overlooks on Jerusalem and the judean hills.